Future of Gaming – Virtual Reality and Other Trends

With the advancement in technology, it’s not very difficult to realize what the future of gaming is. In the past few decades, gaming has reached a whole new level. Starting from 2D games, today our video games are getting closer to reality. And video game consoles are focusing on that.

With that idea, comes virtual reality devices like Occulus Rift and Project Morpheus. Occulus Rift is owned by Facebook while Project Morpheus is owned by Sony. These devices are targeting to give users the premium experience of gaming by allowing users to interact all around them in the gaming world. You can experience flying, walking, dancing, shooting like never before, in virtual reality of course.

Keeping Virtual Reality aside, there are gesture recognizing devices like Leap Motion. While their focus is not Virtual Reality, Leap Motion allows users to play video games or even work on their computer using only hand gestures. This also allows a rich experience of users working or gaming.

Apart from that, there is a rise in online gaming with popular platforms like Steam. And platforms like Google Play Store, Appstore and such is constantly seeing significant growth in mobile gaming. And with Google Glass, there is a major possibility of augmented reality (AR) gaming. More on that later.

In this article, we’ll focus on the future of gaming – with devices like Occulus VR, Project Morpheus and Leap Motion. We’ll also talk about online gaming, mobile gaming and augmented reality (AR).

Virtual Reality For those who doesn’t know, Occulus Rift and other such Virtual Reality devices are head-mounted devices, which allows you to look around in a virtual world. สล็อต xo

Occulus Rift is the new buzz in the gaming world. With everyone excited about Virtual Reality, the question is, will Virtual reality live up to its expectation? Will it be the next big thing? Well, we like to think so.

If we rewind back in time, it seems unbelievable that we had Virtual reality devices and 3D glasses decades ago. They never succeeded back then because of the high cost and the unavailability of resources. But now, the time is different. Technology is getting more affordable each day and we have the resources for such devices to succeed.

There is a whole new prospect for futuristic gaming gadgets because demand in consumer market in increasing. And with devices like Occulus Rift and Sony Prometheus, the foundation appears stronger. While they’re not completely out in public, they will succeed once they are out.

Motion detection through hand gesture Leap Motion allows us to work and play using only hand gestures. You just have to plug in the Leap Motion device in your Mac or PC USB port and you’re done. After an easy setup and synchronization, you are ready to play video games through hand gestures or even draw using you’re hands. Leap Motion allows accuracy up to 1 cm when designing or drawing. And the device handles gestures fast and smooth.

Leap Motion even has its own app store. It’s called the Airspace Appstore. Although Leap Motion is at its early stage, developers have started to work on apps for it already. And you’ll find a lot of amusing apps on the app store. Currently, it only costs $99.99.

Online gaming Popular online games such as Dota 2 and World of Warcraft is regularly played by a huge audience. What’s amazing about online based games is that they regularly add more and more modifications to it, which makes it never ending and ever improving. Well, if the developers decide to continue. And what’s really exciting is that you’re playing against all real life players, an experience that everyone wants.

For all those benefits, online gaming keeps on getting popular. With most major games coming out with multiplayer online option, the future of gaming seems to be based around it. And all you need is a good internet connection.

Augmented reality (AR) While augmented reality, you are part of a physical world interacting with non-physical entities. In virtual reality, the virtual world is simulated. In augmented reality, the player remains in the real world, while non-physical objects on the device are placed accordingly using motion detection, object detection and other AR technology. While there are few apps on AR, there isn’t really a huge game database.

Understanding Browser Games

Browser games can be defined as computer games that are played on the internet through web browsers. They can be run by making use of the standard plug-ins and web technologies. The creation also has to include the standard web technologies. They include all genres of video games and they can be multiplayer or single-player. They can also be played on different operating systems, web browsers and devices. This is because they run isolated from the hardware and they do not have to be ported to all platforms.

The browser games also come in various genres and they come with themes that are appealing to the casual and regular players. Many of the games are large titles and franchises that can be sold in physical stores or online.

Most often, these games are free to okay and you may not need any software installation before you can engage in them. You may be charged for some of the in-game features. When in multiplayer mode, social interaction is the focus. Because of their accessibility, they can be played frequently and in shorter sessions when compared to the traditional options. สล็อต xo

The persistence of these games

For a game to be persistent, the video game has to be browser-based and it has to be persistent. Such games rely on different codes and use different technologies. The games that rely on the client side technology are very rare because there are some security aspects that have to be met when writing and reading from the local file. This is because the browser does not want the web pages to harm the computer, and the designer does not want the computer to store the files to avoid editing. The code is used to store information about the players and the game in a database.

Such games need to be sustainable so as to successful. This is what allows the modeling elements to progress and develop even if players are offline.


For the browser games to be successful and function well, there is a need to make use of various technologies.

The web standards

Different web technologies are used so as to create the browser games. They have little success due to issues such as quality and compatibility. These technologies allow games to run in all browsers that are compatible. Different standards are required for different uses.


These were used to provide the game technologies after they were installed. However, many companies today are considering ending support for the plug-ins. Many of the manufacturers are also abandoning the idea of plug-in use completely.

Get Paid To Play Video Games

With the turn of the century, the means of entertainment and relaxation have been revolutionized. Video games, PC games, and console games have grown greatly in popularity. Better gaming systems, advanced micro-chips, and video enhancement and display cards clearly indicate the improving game designs, mind blowing game ideas, and spectacular levels of detail. Casual and hardcore gamers look for games that completely mesmerize them and draw them deeper into the scenario of the game. Video gaming has become so popular that organizations have actually started offering money to video gamers. สล็อต pg

A large number of hardware companies, software developers, and game promoters employ hardcore gamers having excellent skill in the games. These gamers are commonly referred to as Pro-gamers. Pro-gamers and even teams are employed on a contract basis to represent the employer at large gaming events and tournaments. Gamers are given a sponsorship deal and the employer pays for gaming practice sessions at cafes, provides personal computers and accessories, pays for travel and lodging expenses during tournaments and so on. Some of the common games that skilled gamers can be contracted for are Counter-Strike, Quake 3, Quake 4, Starcraft, Warcraft 3, FIFA, and so on. Gaming contests for these games are held through out the year all over the world. Mega gaming events are sponsored by multinational companies such as Intel, Pepsi, Coca Cola, and so on, and may involve cash prizes for up to $400,000 for the winners.

ทางเข้าเว็บไซต์ Www.ufa888.infoบาคาร่าออนไลน์ที่ครบจบในที่เดียว

งบประมาณน้อยแม้กระนั้นต้องการเล่น บาคาร่าได้ไหม เกมไพ่นับว่าเป็นเกมพนันประเภทหนึ่งที่คนสนใจและก็นิยมเล่นกันจำนวนมากไม่ว่าจะเด็ก คนแก่ หรือคนชรา ก็ต่างเสนอเกมไพ่นี้มาเป็นกิจกรรมระหว่างกรุ๊ปสหายหรือระหว่างครอบครัวตัวเอง แต่ว่าเวลานี้ผู้ที่เล่นเกมไพ่มิได้เล่นเพียงแค่จะเป็นกิจกรรมสิ่งเดียวสุดแท้แต่บางบุคคลเล่นเป็นอาชีพกันเลยก็มีโดยยิ่งไปกว่านั้นเกมไพ่ บาคาร่า เกมที่คนนิยมเล่นกันมากยิ่งเล่นแบบใช้สูตรเกมไพ่จำพวกนี้ด้วยนั้นก็ยิ่งสนุกสนานเข้าไปใหญ่เลย แม้กระนั้นสำหรับบางบุคคลที่มาเล่นเกมไพ่ก็กลับคิดว่าเกมนี้หากว่าต้องการเล่นแบบใช้สูตรด้วยนั้นบางทีก็อาจจะจำต้องใช้เงินเป็นจำนวนมากถึงจะเล่นได้ แต่ว่าที่จริงแล้วไม่ใช่เลยการเล่นแบบใช้สูตรนั้นไม่ว่ามีเงินเยอะแค่ไหนก็สามารถเล่นได้เพียงแต่ว่า  UFABET คุณควรจะมีการวางเป้าหมายก่อนเล่นทุกคราวและก็หากสูตรไหนที่ยังไม่แน่ใจว่าเล่นแล้วจะได้จริงนั้นก็เสนอแนะให้แทงแบบน้อยๆและก็แบบแทงแบบหลายๆตาลองดูไปก่อน อย่าพึ่งไปลงหนักหรือลงหมดตูด เพราะว่าถ้าเกิดพลาดมาแล้วคุณจะไปโทษสูตรก็อาจจะมิได้เช่นกัน เนื่องจากว่าสูตรเหล่านี้อย่างที่พวกเรารู้กันอยู่แล้วว่าไม่มีอะไรรับรองได้เลยว่าเล่นตามแล้วจะได้ ฉะนั้นไม่ต้องคิดมากเลยว่าหากมีเงินน้อยจะเล่นตามสูตรเหล่านี้มิได้ แม้กระนั้นถึงจะอย่างไรเกมไพ่ Ufa888 นี้ก็จำเป็นต้องเล่นแบบอาศัยดวงด้วยส่วนนึง ถ้าเกิดดวงดีถึงแม้ว่าจะแทงฝั่งไหนก็ถูกได้ด้วยเหมือนกันดังนั้นเกมไพ่พนันถ้าต้องการเล่นแบบใช้ จริงๆมิได้อยู่ที่เงินสดเลย แต่ว่าอยู่ที่การวางเป้าหมายทางการเล่นให้ดีเพียงเท่านั้น ถ้าเกิดพวกเราคิดแผนมาดีแม้กระทั่งมีเงินน้อยพวกเราก็สามารถหารายได้จากเกมนี้ได้มากด้วยเหมือนกัน67febca88d8b27f6b9be0d58aa78ddfc.jpg

บางโอกาสการเล่น บาคาร่าออนไลน์ ก็บางครั้งอาจจะมิได้อาศัยเพียงแค่วิชาความรู้ ความรู้ความเข้าใจสำหรับเพื่อการพนันเพียงแค่นั้น แม้กระนั้นการที่คุณจะเอาชนะการพนันได้บางทีอาจจะจำต้องอาศัยดวงหรือสิ่งศักดิ์สิทธิ์เข้ามาช่วยด้วย ซึ่งนี่ก็เป็นความเชื่อของนักเสี่ยงโชคหลายท่าน เพราะว่านับว่าเป็นเครื่องยึดเหนี่ยวจิตใจที่สามารถจะช่วยให้เล่นพนันได้เงิน แต่ว่าจะบูชาอะไรดี วันนี้พวกเรามีเครื่องรางที่นิยมมาชี้แนะกัน พญาเต่าเรือน บูชาเล่น บาคาร่าออนไลน์ ของขลังที่มีลักษณะเป็นเต่า ที่จะนำพาโชคลาภต่างๆเข้ามาในชีวิต เมื่อพกประจำตัวไว้จะมีผลให้มีโชคลาภ ทำกิจการค้าอะไรก็บรรลุความสำเร็จ ส่วนนักเสี่ยงดวงแท่นบูชาพญาเต่าเรือนก็จะบันดลให้เป็นผลเสร็จง่ายมากยิ่งขึ้น รวมทั้งได้กำไรกลับมามากนั่นเอง เหล็กไหลเป็นของขลังที่จะสามารถช่วยป้องกันภัยอันตรายต่างๆไม่ให้เกิดขึ้นกับชีวิตได้ ผู้คนจำนวนมากนิยมเอามาบูชาเพื่อเรียกทรัพย์สมบัติเข้าบ้าน ถ้าเกิดเอามาบูชาก่อนเล่นพนันพนันไพ่ก็จะช่วยให้การชนะพนันง่ายมากยิ่งขึ้นกระทั่งสามารถเอาชนะการพนันได้แทบทุกตาเลยก็ว่าได้ กุมารทองนอกรื่องรางเครื่องรางที่คนจำนวนไม่น้อยมีติดตัว ติดบ้านไว้เนื่องจากว่าการบูชากุมารทองคำจะช่วยทำให้ปรับผู้บูชามีโชคลาภไปถึงเป้าหมายสำหรับการทำกิจการค้า ทั้งยังช่วยทำให้ผู้บูชามีโชคลาภจากการเล่นพนันได้อีกด้วยโดยเช้าใจกันว่าเพียงแค่พูดขอกุมารทองคำก็จะบันดาลให้เสร็จ

Top 5 Lawn Games for the Summer

During the summer months, there are a lot of great activities to be enjoyed. While at home or on vacation, there are several great lawn games that are quick to set up and easy to enjoy. From boules to quoits, there are ones that can be played by people of all ages. The top lawn games are listed below.


Quoits is a game that has sometimes been mistaken for horseshoes. It is however quite different. It basically involves the throwing of a metal or rubber ring to hopefully land on a pin.

The game of quoits has an interesting history that is somewhat disputed by historians. Many believe that quoits was derived from the game of horseshoes. Others believe just the opposite. One common belief is that it originated in ancient Greece. This game spread across Europe and became quite popular in England.

There are several variations of the game of quoits and these usually vary depending on the country or location of the game. There are deck games that are popular on cruise ships, indoor table sized games of quoits and many other regional variants.


There are many different lawn sports that utilize a metal ball for the game play. All such games that use these balls collectively are called boules. These games can be quite varied and can be played on official indoor or outdoor courts or can be done as an informal game of boules in the backyard.

Lawn Bowls

Lawn bowls is one of the lawn games that is quite popular throughout much of the world. It basically involves the throwing or rolling of a ball as close as possible to a target which is referred to the “Kitty” or “Jack”.

The game dates back to the 13th century and was played by many people in and around London. Lawn bowls has gained popularity over the years. A National Bowling Association was first established in the 1800s and today more than 40 different countries play the game of lawn bowls.

Lawn bowls is generally played on a rectangular grass area that is subdivided into playing areas called rinks. Basic competition involves two opponents playing each other, but there are many variations on the game.

Garden Darts

Garden darts is a game that is played with either two players or teams. It involves throwing darts at a target. The target is generally a rope or plastic ring that is laid on the ground.

As with many games, garden darts can be played in a variety of different ways. Traditionally, points get scored when garden darts land in the round target area. Other variations include points for garden darts that land near the target area.

The game of garden darts became rather controversial when it was banned in the United States in 1988. Since most darts were made of metal, the sharp point can pose a hazard. Many of the alternatives since that time have been made of plastic and do not include a sharp and dangerous point.

Lawn Croquet

Croquet is one of the most popular summer games and is done by hitting small wooden or plastic balls through hoops. This is done with a small mallet.

The game has its origins in the 1800s. It was originally played by the French and later introduced to Britain. As with many other lawn games, croquet has a history that is not completely firm. Some believe that the game came to England from Ireland instead of France. Over time, the game has spread throughout the world. There are a wide number of croquet clubs in the United States and remains one of the most popular British lawn games.

Rules and regulations will vary from one area to the next. Essentially, players will take turns and have one hit during this turn. Extra shots can be earned when scoring a wicket or by striking another ball. The goal is to be the first person or team to earn 26 points. During the game play, players will make both offensive as well as defensive plays. Court size can vary from one location to another, but is generally 50 feet wide by 100 feet long. สล็อต

In general, croquet is one of the more competitive lawn games, but it still can be easily enjoyed by the family in the backyard. Court size and rules can easily be modified to accommodate the players and the situation.

How to Choose the Best HDTV For Your Ps3, Xbox 360 or Wii Gaming Consoles

Uninformed consumers expect that every digital TV will provide a clearer and sharper picture compared to their analogue counterparts. This expectation has also extended to their favourite gaming console. While some high definition television brands and models will meet this expectation, others can disappoint gamers who are looking for that fantastic gaming experience.

Manufacturers of High Definition Television (HDTV) sets provide elaborate specifications about their models as part of the advertising and promotion campaigns. However, most consumers don’t fully understand what these specifications really mean and why they are important in making their decision on which HDTV to buy for gaming purposes.

The main thing to understand is that high definition TV was designed for broadcast television viewing and not for gaming consoles. Gaming console makers are constantly adapting or redesigning their gaming consoles to match the standards set down for high definition digital broadcasting and displays. Some of the higher priced HDTV brands offer direct gaming console modes that are matched for popular gaming consoles.

This article provides a brief education on the 5 key factors to consider when looking for a HDTV for playing video games. This will assist you to make an informed decision without the confusion that surrounds gaming with the Sony Play Station 3 (PS3), Microsoft XBox 360, or the Nintendo Wii.

1. Bigger HDTV Screen Sizes Are Better For Gaming

The bigger the screen, the easier it will be to see the details in the graphics used in the games. Games appear to be more realistic with larger screens. If your HDTV screen is not large enough, then you may see a black strip at the top and bottom or sides of the picture to make the game fit within the screen. Consider HDTV screens that are greater than 24inches (60cm) in size.

2. LCD Screens Are Better Than Plasma For Gaming

Plasma HDTV screens can suffer from “image burn-in” from constantly playing the same video games. Image burn-in occurs when static images are left displayed on a plasma screen for very long periods. This is the case with some video games that don’t have a changing backgrounds. Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) HDTV screens like those used for computer monitors, do not suffer from burn-in problems.

3. Higher Scanning Resolutions Are Better For Gaming

Makers of HD TV use two different scanning mechanisms to produce a picture on a HDTV screen. One mechanism is an “interlaced raster scan” and the other is a “progressive scan”. A progressive scan will display all the horizontal lines that make up each picture frame in sequence. In comparison to an interlaced scan, all the odd horizontal lines are shown first and then alternately the even horizontal lines of the picture changing back to the odd lines in rapid succession.

A standard definition TV (SDTV) uses 525 (US NTSC) or 625 (Europe PAL) horizontal lines and is also known as “480i resolution” for US NTSC and “576i resolution” for PAL where the “i” stands for interlaced raster scanning. Interlaced video produces an annoying flicker that blurs the detail of video pictures. The flicker can be reduced with special filtering called anti-aliasing but this tends to reduce the clarity of the picture. High definition TV is shown using 720i or even 1080i resolutions.

Progressive scanning produces crisper and sharper pictures with no flickering compared to interlaced scanning for the same picture frame rate. High definition pictures are shown using either 720p, 1080p, 1440p or 2160p resolutions where the “p” stands for progressive scanning. HDTV with progressive scanning is usually more expensive than the lower resolution HDTV models. A typical LCD computer monitor resolution will start at 720p and may support higher resolutions. สล็อต

4. Higher Refresh Rates Are Better For Gaming

Picture frame refresh rate is a measure (in Hertz or Hz) of how many times per second each picture frame is refreshed on a video display. Generally, the higher the refresh rate, the faster the display can respond to changing pixel colours thus reducing, and in some cases eliminating, picture blurring and judder when watching fast moving action scenes such as live football.

LCD screens that have a high response time (in milliseconds or ms) are often unsuitable for playing fast paced computer games. A response time of less than 15ms is considered to be sufficient for most video gaming given the human eye can not perceive changes faster than about 10ms. Brand name LCD HDTV manufacturers are producing models with 120Hz refresh rates and 4ms pixel response rates which is adequate for gaming consoles.

5. HDTV With Game Mode Is Better For Gaming

More recently, some HDTV makers have recognised that consumers also want to use their high definition televisions to play fast-action online and console games. This has lead to the development of a “games mode” to give you an instant reaction with the game controller. The principle behind the game mode is to optimize the reaction time and the picture quality of the TV to be closely matched with the higher resolution 1080p capable video game consoles such as the PS3 to give the gamer more realism.

What You Need To Know About The Popular Gaming Consoles

The Nintendo Wii only provides support for up to 480p resolution so you don’t need a HDTV for using this gaming console. The XBox 360 gaming console supports 720p and 1080i resolutions so it can be used with a HD TV. The PS3 supports 480i, 480p, 720p, 1080i and 1080p resolutions making it a versatile gaming console that can be used with a broader range of high definition TV display resolutions.

Some Important Information About Online Games

Evolution of the internet has brought many new things in the modern days. One amongst them is the online games, which are a world of fun and entertainment for all age group from kids to adults. The need for recreation to get a relief from everyday hectic schedule is all that which has brought online games under high demand. The flash stakes which are top ones are designed by creative developers using macro media flash application of the adobe acrobat. Another category of games which youngsters often opt are the top 10 games. These are a set of games that are listing in the top 10 games, which are mostly searched and downloaded from the websites. There are many set of top 10 online games. Some of them are Governor of Poker Super Blox, Golden Eye 007, Super stacker 2, Super Mario Bros, Sketch a match, Mutate the labrat, Resident Evil 4, Totem Destroyer, Ramps and many more. These are the most often played ones and among this Super Mario is the most popular old game. สล็อต

Another set of games that are in high demand are the flash games. They got immediate positive response from all age groups when they were newly introduced in the websites. They are developed by software called flash. Flash games are more thrilling as they have a time constraint. Its time being less, carries an advantage of playing more flash games at a time. Professional gamers who want a thrilling experience can opt for action games. These are also said to improve their skills. They have come up with a great outlook by the use of many advanced technologies. The computer must be enabled with the flash or java software to support online action and shooting games.

The adventure games are also gaining popularity easily as they include exotic games like wrestling, fighting, space travels, star wars, fictional adventures and situational games which are easily fascinated by the people. The adventure games also involves puzzles which improves the skills of a person. It also improves the response time. Action games involve both single player and multiplayer games. There are also junior classic games which can be downloaded for free from the internet. It is one of the most popular DSi XL games. There are a good variety of kid’s games which are meant exclusively for kids. These games make the inner child in them, visible. They like it to be simple, silly, frivolous, childish, light and airy. Some of the kid games are designed to improve their memory, skills, thinking capability, recognition etc. There are a set of games which include animated characters which are popular to all age group. These characters are given their own game by which players can experience adventure. They are also given a platform in an already existing game. These are a set of games with funny characters. Racing games can be played by professional gamers to improve their skills. There are also sports games like cricket, chess, badminton etc which can be enjoyed by the sports lovers. Online gaming has turned out to be a great past time with many social advantages for those who make the best use of it.

MMO Games for Kids and Teens – Harmless Fun?

An MMO (Massively Multiplayer Online) game is played on the internet, set in a virtual world in which many people are playing and interacting with at the same time. Currently the largest MMO in North America, certainly the most talked about MMO, is World of Warcraft (WoW). Besides WoW, however, there are several MMO games targeted at and marketed to children; recently I started reading about these “kid-friendly” MMOs and I started to wonder what impact an MMO would have on children and their creativity.

There are several MMOs out there for kids. There are free versions (free-to-play) and subscription versions, but they’re all built around one principle: MMO games can make BIG money. How do they do this? They are experts at creating an atmosphere that gets you to open your wallet and they employ psychological tools that promote addictive behavior. Many adults have a hard time spotting this, how can you expect your kids to?

MMO games – The Financial Cost

Most MMO games have a tiered system, a free portion and a payed portion. How these two sections of the game interact depends on the financial structure of the game. There are two primary and distinct strategies a company could try to use:

One is the monthly subscription model. In this model, to enjoy the full game you have to pay a monthly fee. Often this means the free portion of the game is time-limited; you can download the game, play for the trial period and once it’s over, you’ll have to pay to keep playing. Alternately, you might be able to keep playing the free game, but to unlock better features, new experiences, and places to explore you must be a subscribing member. Basically, while using the free/trail version it will take more effort and time to reach the same goals as a subscribing member, if it’s at all possible. The game will typically remind you, as often as possible, that your life and gaming experience would be easier if you just send them some money. This latter model is the one employed by Toontown, an MMO published by Disney and marketed to kids.

The other is the Microtransaction model. In this system, the game does not have a monthly fee but they offer options to buy credits (with real money) that you can spend in the game for bonuses. The “Coins” feature on Facebook games is an example of this – sometimes, game play is not affected by these items and they are only for the people who want bragging rights, but usually they do affect the game and give great advantages to those willing to pay for them.  The term Microtransaction refers to the fact that typically these purchases are small typically ranging from five dollars down to just a few cents – small enough to seem small, big enough to add up quickly.

The attitude and culture of “keeping up with the Joneses” is something that MMO games actively encourage, whether it is having the latest and greatest weapon, a special limited edition item, or giving awards to the top players. It encourages players to play longer and pay more money.

MMO games and Creativity

There is very little true creativity in MMO games. They are carefully designed to keep you playing for as long as possible, often doing the same repetitive tasks over and over again to gain money, experience, or to meet some other in-game goal. There might be some problem-solving in-game but, within the confines of the game, there is a limit to how complex a problem can be and a limit to how creative the solution might be. There are so many other more creative activities kids can be doing!

MMO games and Addictive Behavior

There are many strategies used by MMO game makers that you should be worried about. Possibly the most common task in MMOs is “farming” in which you need to collect a number of objects to turn in for a reward. You collect 20 blue stars, turn them in to receive a shiny silver button, and move on to collecting 20 red squares so you can get your shiny gold button. This strongly echoes the behavior analysis concept of reinforcement: pull on a lever and get a reward or reinforcement. In this case, you pull the lever 20 times and get an virtual reward.  Much of the research in this field was pioneered by  B.F. Skinner, whose studies suggested that you can control a subjects behavior simply by creating a scenario to be played out and a reward for doing so correctly. MMOs have this down to a science. You perform one repetitive task to receive your reward before moving on to the next task, a task that is often just a few shades different from the previous one.

MMO games run on a system of rewards, accomplishments, and one-upmanship. There is a whole trophy section in Toontown where players with the top scores for various accomplishments are posted for the world to see – but to get this recognition you have to play and play a lot. The human brain does not readily distinguish between virtual and real accomplishments; working for hours to obtain a special item in a game is as satisfying as creating something in the real world, as far as your brain is concerned. This is a very addictive and dangerous element to games. The mental attachment can be so strong that some countries such as Korea now recognize virtual goods as if they were real. An entire industry has sprung up around creating and selling virtual items and this industry is now worth over 6 billion dollars. “Collecting” can become addicting behavior and MMO games actively encourage it. It keeps you playing (even if these items have no direct affect on the game) and keeps you spending.

They also employ Skinner’s theory of “Variable Ratio Rewards” – which gives you items or rewards at random to keep you playing. Similar to slot machines, you keep playing because the next one might be the “big win.” Is this the type of behavior we want to encourage in our kids?

All three of these tactics can be combined to create a highly addictive environment. Take our Blue Stars, for example. We need to collect 20 to receive our Shiny Silver Button (Reinforcement).  However, Blue Stars can only be found under Green Rocks, not Red or Blue Rocks, so there’s a random chance to find the right rock to look under (Variable Ratio Rewards). Furthermore, they’re only found under a quarter of all Green Rocks (more Variable Ratio Rewards). But, underneath all rocks, we have a small chance (say one percent) to find a super-rare Gold Shiny Hat (even more Variable Ratio Rewards and One-upmanship). Once we finally find all our Blue Stars, we are guaranteed to get our Shiny Silver Button but now we can try to get our Shiny Gold Button (One-upmanship) by collecting Red Squares, and the process starts again. In that simple quest, the designers have managed to fit one instance of Reinforcement, three instances of Variable Ratio Rewards, and two instances of One-upmanship. Three different addictive strategies, applied six times, have guaranteed that the player will check every single rock they come across while convincing them that it’s worth their time.

Through the use of behavior controls, you can see how such a simple quest has turned into a huge time sink. We started by just having to check Green Rocks for 20 Blue Stars, which with a single application of Reinforcement would require 20 Green Rocks, but thanks to Variable Ratio Rewards, we’ll probably have to check 80 Green Rocks to get those Blue stars. And because there’s a chance at finding a Gold Shiny Hat (which probably doesn’t even do anything besides look shiny), we’ll check the Red and Blue Rocks too. Assuming an even distribution, we’ll end up checking around 240 Rocks in total, 80 of each color.  240 rocks to find 20 Blue Stars. But at least we’ll probably get our Gold Shiny Hat, right? Too bad everybody else has one too and are now looking for a Shimmering Gold Cape instead.

This is one of the simplest examples of addictive behavior controls in an MMO, there are many many more.  Now imagine that you could pay a monthly fee to unlock a Special Magnifying Glass that gives you a chance to find that Shimmering Gold Cape while looking for the Gold Shiny Hat.  If you’re emotionally invested in the MMO, you might very well become financially invested too.

The Time Cost of MMO games

MMO games can very easily become a time sink, especially if you do become addicted to them. They do make a very efficient babysitter but the costs to creativity and general well-being are too high. There is a fine line between having time for hobbies and recreations – even television watching and playing regular computer games – and becoming completely engrossed. Many adults have not figured out this balance, so our kids, left undirected, would have no hope.

MMOs are more social than many other games, and often do require teamwork or some problem solving skills. There are some skills a child might learn through playing games, MMOs in particular, but practically all of these skills can be taught or learned in other environments that are free of behavior controls, hidden costs, time sinks, and virtual accomplishments.

If you set very strict guidelines such as having the computer in a public room of the house (remember most games have a chat function), have your child playing under a parent account you have full access to, and set a daily time limit, then it is possible to enjoy these games. At the very least, you can use the game as a learning tool, so you and your child can identify the marketing and psychological strategies game makers employ.

**This post was co-written by my amazing editor Darrel Ross. I did lots of research and game playing for this post but he has the experience of having played recreationally so was able to provide the detailed examples of how MMO games can be addicting and destructive. pgslot

There are lots of reasons I do not think that MMO games are a good idea for kids, but I would love to hear your arguments both for and against. If you have experiences both positive and negative with MMO games please leave a comment below.